Working for Rupert Murdoch

 

I worked for News Corporation for about two and a half years, until the end of 2009. At first I gloried in the title of Vice President of MySpace, Safety and Security, Europe. I had insisted on being part-time at first but when, in the end, I declined to convert to a full-time contract I was kept on as a consultant.

When MySpace was Number 1

I was a little anxious about going to work for the guys who owned Fox News,  appeared to want to own everything else and ate trade unions for breakfast. However, MySpace was then the global Numero Uno in the social networking space, and social networking was clearly the next big thing.

MySpace was embarking on an ambitious expansion plan outside of the USA. I was keen to learn about social networking from them. They seemed eager to learn from me. More to the point I was invited to climb on board by Hemanshu Nigam, a former US Federal Prosecutor who had latterly been Microsoft’s safety hotshot in Seattle, and was now a Senior Vice President with MySpace. I had worked with Hemu before. We got on well. All in all the proposition was irresistible.

Lulled into a false sense of congeniality?

As I started going in to the office, both in London and in Los Angeles, my antennae were  super tuned, on high alert. Why was everyone being so polite and friendly? This went well beyond the Have a Nice Day banality that lots of Europeans find so hard to embrace. Obviously it was all part of a carefully choreographed plot to lull me into a false sense of congeniality. Eventually the truth would out, the underlying conspiracy to destroy democracy would be revealed and I would have to flee to the hills to join the Resistance, wiser and more valuable to it because I had been closer to the heart of The Beast.

But no. On the contrary, as I got to know people better it became ever plainer that the prevailing ethos amongst the great majority I met was decidedly liberal. Hampstead and Beverley Hills. Two suburbs. One outlook. I made some lasting friendships. There was one rather strange young woman who had chosen a picture of herself for her profile in which she was sporting a military strength rifle that looked like it could stop a rhino at five miles but that was the nearest I ever got to meeting anyone with the kind of leanings Glenn Beck would admire.

Moreover, and here’s the real point of this blog, it was made clear to me and to everyone around me that Mr Murdoch Senior, Chairman and CEO of News Corp, had been explicit about the importance he attached to making MySpace as safe as it could possibly be.

MySpace went the extra mile

Unlike a number of other large internet companies, Murdoch completely rejected a laissez faire philosophy in relation to content appearing on his site. He could have chosen to take the view, as many of his competitors did and still do, that he had no responsibility for it. He could have decided, as many of his competitors did and still do, to take advantage of the EU’s and US’s mere conduit laws by which an internet intermediary has no legal liability for anything put on their site by third parties unless and until they have actual knowledge of it. Rupert Murdoch didn’t. He wanted bad stuff proactively rooted out, accepting this might expose him to legal challenges. 

Just before News Corp acquired MySpace, and shortly after the acquisition, there had been some terrible incidents involving predatory stalkers who had connected with youngsters via the site. Murdoch was clear. He wanted that ended, forever. No repeats. That’s when Hemu came down from Seattle. A great many people were employed by MySpace simply to focus on safety and enforcing the site’s terms and conditions. A new system was introduced to make it impossible, or at any rate a great deal harder, to connect with someone you did not already know. There was zero tolerance of pornography and a wide range of other forms of anti-social behaviour.

It didn’t stop there. MySpace developed algorithms and other techniques for finding youngsters who had lied about their age to get on the site. Their accounts were swiftly terminated. The company also insisted on using a blocking list to prevent anybody posting links to any web sites known to contain child abuse images. They helped develop a US-wide system which allowed MySpace to seek out anyone with a conviction for sex offences and kick them off.

Being against paedophilia is unlikely to lose you many friends

Taking a strong line against paedophiles and sex offenders generally is probably not going to do any significant harm to your company’s image or sales. However, in the libertarian climes of California and the internet what MySpace was then doing was definitely different, and it was pioneering. Way ahead of its time. I wish some other large West Coast companies were today as energetic in pursuit of online safety as MySpace was, and maybe still is for all I know.

Political driver but…..

I have no doubt MySpace had in part been driven to be so proactive in the online child protection space because of the at times intense political and media pressure it came under. Maybe advertisers were getting twitchy about a site that continued to attract the  attention of 49 States’ Attorneys General acting in concert. Social networking was still new, lots of people did not get it and MySpace was the 800lb gorilla. But equally I have no doubt that MySpace’s safety values became deeply embedded in the company’s thinking because word had come straight from the top.

Basking in the reflected glory

It is true that as Facebook began sweeping all before it and MySpace went into relative decline elements within the company began to panic. They tried to blame the safety guys for imposing excessively high costs or excessively restrictive policies but, at least while I was there, all the safety systems stayed in place.

Incidentally I never believed the safety angle in any way explained MySpace’s fall from grace. People did not desert MySpace or refuse to join because they couldn’t find enough porn on it, or because there were too few sex offenders hanging out there. Facebook was newer, cleaner, simpler and initially, to kick start it, the site allowed you to bask in the reflected glory of an association with Harvard, Yale, Stanford, Oxford, Cambridge and the LSE. And by the way Facebook now follows policies which are strikingly similar to those which MySpace inaugurated.

Some corner of a foreign field

I never met Mr Murdoch Senior, and from what I have seen, read and heard about his world view I’m guessing we are unlikely ever to become soul mates. And ok, it may not be saying very much merely to record that he is strongly in favour of doing the right thing when it comes to online child protection and safety. But I know many companies still strutting their stuff that continue to do a great deal less than MySpace did when I was with them. As we say in Yorkshire, I speak as I find.

Looking at other parts of the News Corp empire, the ones that have been in the news a lot lately, clearly a number of things went very wrong in one of the associated companies.  Could and should Murdoch have known or anticipated that phone hacking or bribing police officers was or might be going on at the News of the World

I think it would be harsh to criticise someone for failing to remind their staff that they ought not to break the law. Where things might be more open to doubt is in relation to the prevailing climate within a company. In that respect senior management have a very definite responsibility to set the tone. In the case of MySpace and child protection that responsibility was discharged with no scope for ambiguity.

As the various enquiries, investigations and possible prosecutions wend their way through the system no doubt we will find out what happened and why.  It is hard to see how this whole saga can end well for them but should News Corp go under or be severely damaged by Hackgate there will be at least one corner of England that will forever harbour a few small regrets. 

About John Carr

John Carr is a member of the Executive Board of the UK Council on Child Internet Safety, the British Government's principal advisory body for online safety and security for children and young people. In the summer of 2013 he was appointed as an adviser to Bangkok-based ECPAT International. Amongst other things John is or has been a Senior Expert Adviser to the United Nations, ITU, the European Union, a member of the Executive Board of the European NGO Alliance for Child Safety Online, Secretary of the UK's Children's Charities' Coalition on Internet Safety. John has advised many of the world's largest internet companies on online child safety. In June, 2012, John was a appointed a Visiting Senior Fellow at the London School of Economics and Political Science. More: http://johncarrcv.blogspot.com
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